Elementary Teacher

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Related roles: Art Teacher, Classroom Teacher, Educator, Elementary Education Teacher, Elementary School Teacher, Teacher, Before/Afterschool Program Aide, Primary/Secondary School Teacher


Similar Titles

Art Teacher, Classroom Teacher, Educator, Elementary Education Teacher, Elementary School Teacher, Teacher, Before/Afterschool Program Aide, Primary/Secondary School Teacher

Job Description

Teaching really young learners at the elementary level is unlike teaching older students in middle and high schools. The subject matter and overall goals are very different, and it takes a unique set of skills and experience to be effective. 

Elementary Teachers generally stay with the same group of children for the whole academic year, teaching a wide range of core subjects at a foundational level. From science, tech, and math to reading, social studies, geography, art, music, and language, Elementary Teachers need to cover the broad basics of just about everything! 

But they must also maintain warm, friendly, and enthusiastic teaching styles that keep students engaged and curious. That doesn’t mean the teachers are there to entertain…but having fun while learning is always important, especially at the elementary level! 

Rewarding Aspects of Career
  • Developing fun, engaging lessons and activities
  • Enabling positive learning environments where learners can be nurtured
  • Helping students discover latent talents and interests
  • Contributing to the future of students’ success
2021 Employment
2031 Projected Employment
The Inside Scoop
Job Responsibilities

Working Schedule

  • Elementary Teachers work full-time. As with any teaching job, there may be after-hours work required to prepare lessons or grade assignments. Teachers can expect downtime during the school holidays and breaks. 

Typical Duties

  • Design or use elementary classroom curricula that align with state educational standards in a variety of subjects
  • Use a planner to stay organized and on track 
  • Prepare and practice lessons ahead of time. Make outlines, lists of questions to ask, and handouts
  • Get classrooms organized, including desks, chairs, tables, supplies, tablets or computers, and handouts
  • Present activity demonstrations, assist students and offer encouragement
  • Ask concept-checking questions to ensure understanding
  • Offer quizzes and exams to measure retention 
  • Demonstrate how to use various tools or supplies for certain projects, such as art supplies or musical instruments
  • Explain classroom rules and etiquette 
  • Model proper classroom behaviors and manners
  • Hold learners accountable for following standards. Address behavioral problems as needed
  • Help students work together on group activities 
  • Monitor student progress and offer extra help to those who need it
  • Find creative ways to capture student attention and get them to participate in their own learning
  • Meet with parents to review successes and challenges. Share advise for things they might try at home
  • Grade assignments; keep track of grades via online software 
  • Prep students for standardized tests

Additional Responsibilities

  • Keep an eye on student conduct during lunch, recess, and breaks
  • Proactively address potential safety risks
  • Stay aware of individual learners’ unique learning or medical issues, as applicable 
    • For example, teachers should be aware of life-threatening allergies 
  • Assist students facing difficulties or learning challenges
  • Encourage and motivate learners to express themselves appropriately
  • Share curriculum ideas with school leadership and faculty
  • Teach learners to take care of their tools and materials
  • Show classes how to keep work areas clean and organized
  • Keep track of supply inventory and request more as needed
Skills Needed on the Job

Soft Skills

  • Concentration
  • Coordinating and instructing activities
  • Desire to help children succeed
  • Empathy
  • Enthusiasm
  • Goal setting
  • Humor
  • Monitoring
  • Non-judgemental approach to teaching
  • Note-taking
  • Organizational skills
  • Patience
  • Resourcefulness 
  • Social/cultural awareness 
  • Strong communication skills 
  • Time management

Technical Skills

  • Educational software, eLearning platforms, and databases designed for schools 
  • Familiarity with basic classroom supplies and technology (such as tablets or laptops)
  • Knowledge of elementary levels of math, science, technology, social studies, reading, art, music, geography, history, social studies, language arts, etc.
  • Knowledge of printers, copiers, and presentation equipment
  • Microsoft Office, Google apps, Macintosh software
Different Types of Organizations
  • Public, private, and charter schools
Expectations and Sacrifices

Elementary Teachers play crucial early roles in the social and emotional development of young children. While teaching core subjects, they also nurture creativity, foster good behavior and cooperativeness, and help instill positive attitudes that learners will hopefully carry throughout their lives. 

Teaching can be both rewarding and frustrating, but it’s up to the teachers to stay positive, professional, and focused on doing their best for students. When students misbehave, the teachers should approach the issue with patience and understanding, since they may not know the underlying causes. They must be alert for signs of problems that may stem from home, and for mental health symptoms that could impair learning.

Current Trends

Elementary Teachers are increasingly adding STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Math) subject matter to their curricula, which sometimes requires a bit of a learning curve for the teachers, too! Indeed, there’s been an overall increase in technology usage in younger classrooms, to help better prepare students for the fast-paced world they’re going up in. 

Part of the new focus on STEM/STEAM is using a more active, hands-on approach that instills a sense of curiosity and promotes problem-solving. Complimenting this is a lean towards project-based learning which aligns with Common Core standards. Another trend sees teachers trying out more cooperative styles of learning, so learners can gain added exposure to teamwork concepts and conflict-resolution techniques.

What kinds of things did people in this career enjoy doing when they were younger…

Elementary Teachers have an affection for kids and a passion for teaching! They may have always liked working with little ones and were perhaps responsible for helping younger siblings when they were kids themselves.

Because of the wide range of topics they’re required to teach, it’s likely they were intensely curious about all sorts of things and may have enjoyed reading lots of books. Of course, it takes a ton of energy to keep up with a classroom of elementary students, so they may have built up their stamina by staying active with exercise or other activities. 

Education and Training Needed


  • Elementary Teachers require a bachelor’s degree and must complete a teacher preparation program as part of their degree
    • Most teaching prep programs incorporate an internship. This lets college students practice live teaching under supervised conditions
    • Internships usually occur after finishing the first two years of college
    • Students work under the guidance of a trained teacher who conducts observations and gives feedback 
  • To teach at a public school, you’ll need a state license or certification, after finishing your academic program
  • Most states require teachers to pass Praxis exams. Every state has its own requirements, but common exams for Elementary Teachers include: 
    • Praxis Core Academic Skills
    • Praxis Multiple Subjects
    • Praxis Content Knowledge
    • Praxis Principles of Learning and Teaching (PLT)
    • Praxis Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment
  • Aspiring teachers can expect a background screening prior to licensure. Screening may involve a criminal background check and potentially credit history
  • Some states or employers prefer teachers have or get a master’s at some point
  • Other requirements include: 
    • Commitment to Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion (DEI) in school environments
    • Familiarity with computers, tablets, office software, and Internet-based learning environments 
    • Fluency in a second language, in some schools 
    • Additional skills tests, if working with special needs youth
Things to look for in an University


Things to do in High School and College
  • Elementary Teachers need to be able to teach multiple subjects, so do well in all of your high school classes
  • You’ll need strong written and verbal communication skills, leadership, project management, and teaching pedagogy knowledge, too
  • Volunteer (or apply for part-time jobs) with local elementary schools, youth organizations, religious centers, or childcare centers 
  • Take courses to help you prepare for real-world classroom teachings, such as public speaking, psychology, teacher assisting, special education, child development, and information technologies
  • Learn about current diversity and social standards in school settings 
  • Practice expressing yourself confidently, concisely, and clearly. Be comfortable with yourself so that learners will feel comfortable in the creative learning environment you build for them!
Typical Roadmap
Elementary Teacher Roadmap
How to Land your 1st job
  • Knock out all of your education and preparatory requirements, including any state-required licensure or certification, Praxis exams, etc. 
  • List all of your work, education, and extracurricular activities on your resume, which should be highly polished and edited
  • Use quantifiable results when possible, such as statistics on successful outcomes and numbers of students you’ve worked with 
  • Stay in touch with your former supervisors and teachers, including your internship mentor. These individuals may serve as invaluable references when the time comes
  • Set up job notification alerts on Indeed.com, EdJoin.org, and other job portals and keep track of application deadlines
  • Read job posts carefully and make sure to work relevant keywords into your resume
  • Demonstrate awareness and proficiency related to eLearning and other trends
  • Let your enthusiasm for teaching children shine! Employers love to see evidence of your soft skills as well as academic qualifications 
How to Climb the Ladder
  • Earn your master’s degree or complete additional training/advanced certifications
  • Demonstrate sincere caring for children’s educational progress 
  • Explore work opportunities beyond your current school. Consider teaching in other states, if necessary to grow
  • Build your reputation as a results-driven classroom leader  
  • Mentor others and offer to help aspiring teachers doing their internships
  • Serve on school and district committees; build rapport with staff, peers, parents, and administrators
  • Be a passionate advocate for student rights
  • Keep learners motivated by incorporating fun, creative new ideas and technologies
  • Read books, review website resources, watch videos to get ideas that’ll keep your classrooms fresh and engaging! 
  • Participate in professional organization activities 
Plan B

Want to work in education, but maybe not as an Elementary Teacher? No problem! There are several other exciting career options to explore, such as:

  • Career and Technical Education Teachers
  • Career Counselors
  • Childcare Workers
  • ESL Teachers
  • Instructional Coordinators
  • Middle and High School Teachers
  • Principals
  • Social Workers
  • Special Education Teachers
  • Teacher Assistants
  • Tutors 


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